Directions (1-5): In the passage given below there are blanks which are to be filled with the options given below. Find out the appropriate word in each case which can most suitably complete the sentence without altering the meaning of the statement.
While the rupee is not alone among BRICS currencies to have (1)……….. against the dollar this year, with both the Brazilian real and the Russian rouble (2)…………. value, it remains particularly (3)…………. to mounting oil costs given the economy’s (4)………… high dependence on crude imports to meet energy needs.
Sol. depreciated means to lessen in price or estimated value. And here, we are talking about the currencies. Thus, depreciated is the best suited alternative.
Sol. losing is the only option that goes with the context of the value of the Brazilian and Russian currencies in the given statement.
Sol. vulnerable is the one who/which is most likely to expose to the dangers. Hence, this best suits the context as the mounting of oil costs have been talked about that obviously reflects the negative tone of the given passage.
Sol. extremely means to the highest or extreme degree which states the extreme dependence on the crude oil.
Directions (4-10): In the following passage, some of the words have been left out, each of which is indicated by a number. Find the suitable word from the options given against each number and fill up the blanks with appropriate words to make the paragraph meaningfully complete.
The ongoing transition of the country’s indirect taxes, other than Customs, to a goods and services tax has so far been relatively smooth, not dismissing minor __(5)____. But there are a few more things the government can do to make things even simpler and prevent the kind of political _(6)___ that has accompanied switchover to a similar value-added tax in other countries. The biggest source of __(7)____ is small suppliers, who are __(8)_____ from GST below a threshold. But that will not help them if people who traditionally have been ____(9)____ from them shift to large suppliers who are GST-compliant and upload the returns and invoices the customers __(10)____ to claim input tax credit.
S5. Ans. (a)
Sol. “glitches” adds meaning to the sentence as it means a sudden, usually temporary malfunction or fault of equipment. Other words given in the options are relatively out of the context. They alter the meaning of the sentence so formed. Hence (a) is the correct option.
S6. Ans. (e)
Sol. “backlash” is the correct word that suits perfectly to the meaning of the sentence as it means a strong negative reaction by a large number of people, especially to a social or political development. Hence (e) is the correct option.
S7. Ans. (c)
Sol. “the biggest source of worry” is the correct phrase that defines the meaning of the sentence appropriately. Hence (c) is the correct option.
S8. Ans. (b)
Sol. “exempt” completes the sentence meaningfully as it means free (a person or organization) from an obligation or liability imposed on others. Other words are though nearly the same, but they are grammatically irrelevant and contextually different. Hence (b) is the correct choice.
S9. Ans. (d)
Sol. “sourcing” is the correct word usage among the given five options as the word means obtaining from a particular source.
S10. Ans. (e)
Sol. “need to claim” is the correct phrase that makes the sentence meaningful. Other words do not suit to the meaning of the sentence. Hence (e) is the correct choice.